QUEENS PARK GOLF CLUB INC.
(Registration No. A 0009785 U)
QUEENS PARK GOLF CLUB INCORPORATED
1. DEFINITIONS AND INTERPRETATIONS
In this Constitution unless the context requires otherwise:
Act means the Associations Incorporation Reform Act 2012 (Vic) as amended from time to time and includes any regulations made under the Act and any exemption or modification to the Act that applies to the Association.
AGM or Annual General Meeting means the Annual General Meeting of the Association
required to be held by the Association under the Act.
Association means The Queens Park Golf Club Incorporated.
Chairperson or Chair means the person elected as the chair of the Association under clause 14.7(a).
Committee means a committee established by the Directors under clause 18.1.
Secretary means the person appointed or elected as a secretary of the Association.
Constitution means this constitution as amended from time to time, and a reference to a
particular clause is a reference to a clause of this constitution.
Director means a Director of the Association and includes Elected Directors and Appointed
Directors mean, as the case requires, all or some of the Directors acting together as a board
in accordance with their powers and authority under this Constitution.
Elected Director means a Director elected under clause 12.
FAR Committee means the Finance, Audit and Risk Committee established by the Directors
under clause 18.4.
General Meeting means a general meeting of Members and includes the AGM.
Golf means the “Sport” of Golf in all of its forms, disciplines, and variations, including as
recognised and regulated by R&A from time to time.
GM means a person appointed as general manager of the Association by the Directors.
Individual Member means a person admitted to the Association as a member under clause
Intellectual Property means all rights subsisting in copyright, business names, names,
trademarks (or signs), logos, designs, equipment including computer software, images
(including photographs, videos, or films) or service marks relating to the Association or any
activity of or conducted, promoted, or administered by the Association.
Life Member means a person admitted to the Association as a life member under clause 5.4.
Member means a member of the Association under clause 5.
Objects mean the objects of the Association in clause 2.
On-line means attendance at a meeting via telephone, video, or any other technology (or any
combination of these technologies), that permits each attendee at a meeting to communicate
with any other participant.
Policy means a policy made under clause 7.2 or clause 19.1(a).
Principles of natural justice is an expression of Common Law that primarily requires a
procedural requirement of fairness.
R&A means the world governing body for Golf.
Special Resolution has the same meaning as that given to it in the Act.
Virtual Meeting means a meeting held by telephone, video, or any other technology (or any
combination of these technologies), that permits each Director at a meeting of Directors or
each Voting Member at a meeting of Members to communicate with any other participant.
Voting Member means, in relation to a General Meeting, those Members present and entitled
to vote in accordance with clause 5.1.
In this Constitution unless the context requires otherwise:
(a) (presence of a Member) a reference to a Member present at a General Meeting and
means the Member present in person or on-line;
(b) (document) a reference to a document or instrument includes any amendments made
to it from time to time and, unless the contrary intention appears, includes a
(c) (gender) words importing any gender include all other genders;
(d) (person) the word person includes a firm, a body corporate, a partnership, a joint
venture, an unincorporated body or association or an authority;
(e) (successors) a reference to an organisation includes a reference to its successors;
(f) (singular includes plural) the singular includes the plural and vice versa;
(g) (instruments) a reference to a law includes regulations and instruments made under it;
(h) (amendments to legislation) a reference to a law or a provision of a law includes
amendments, re-enactments or replacements of that law or the provision, whether by a
State or the Commonwealth or otherwise;
(i) (include) the words include, includes, including and for example are not to be
interpreted as words of limitation;
(j) (signed) where, by a provision of this Constitution, a document including a notice is
required to be signed, that requirement may be satisfied in relation to an electronic
communication of the document in any manner permitted by law or by any State or
Commonwealth law relating to electronic transmissions or in any other manner
approved by the Directors;
(k) (writing) writing and written includes printing, typing and other modes of reproducing
words in a visible form including, without limitation, any representation of words in a
physical document or in an electronic communication or form or otherwise; and
(l) (headings) headings are inserted for convenience and do not affect the interpretation
of this Constitution.
(a) In this Constitution, unless the context requires otherwise, an expression has, in a
provision of this Constitution that deals with a matter dealt with by a particular provision
of the Act, the same meaning as in that provision of the Act.
(b) The model rules under the Act are expressly displaced by this Constitution and
accordingly do not apply to the Association.
The Objects of the Association shall be to:
(a) conduct, encourage, promote, advance, control and manage the Association;
(b) adopt, formulate, issue, interpret and amend Policies for the operation and
management of the Association;
(c) develop and adopt a strategic plan as revised from time to time, subject always to the
context and operations of the Association;
(d) support and encourage integrity, ethics and values that promote community confidence
in the Association;
(e) encourage the provision and development of appropriate facilities for participation in
Golf at the Association;
(f) maintain and enhance standards, quality, integrity and reputation of Golf for the benefit
and interests of Members;
(g) promote the Association for commercial, government and public recognition and
(h) promote, control, manage and conduct Golf events, competitions, and championships
at the Association;
(i) encourage and promote widespread participation in Golf and physical activity;
(j) ensure that, to the extent of the Association’s control, Golf is carried on in a manner that
secures and enhances the safety of participants, officials, spectators, and the public;
(k) use and promote the Intellectual Property;
(l) have regard to the public interest in its operations; and
(m) undertake other actions or activities necessary, incidental, or conducive to advance
Solely for furthering the Objects, the Association, in addition to any other powers it has under
the Act, has the legal capacity and powers of a company limited by guarantee as set out in
section 124 of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth).
4. INCOME AND PROPERTY OF THE ASSOCIATION
4.1 Sole Purpose
The income and property of the Association will only be applied towards the promotion of the
4.2 Payments to Members
No income or property will be paid or transferred directly or indirectly to any Member or
Director except for payments to a Member:
(a) in return for any services rendered or goods supplied in the ordinary and usual course
of business to the Association; or
(b) of interest at a rate not exceeding current bank overdraft rates of interest for moneys
(c) of reasonable rent for premises let to the Association by them.
5.1 Categories of Members
Members of the Association shall fall into one of the following categories:
(a) Life Members, who, subject to this Constitution, have the right to receive notice of,
attend and vote, at General Meetings;
(b) Individual Members, who subject to this Constitution, have the right to receive notice
of, attend and vote at General Meetings; and
(c) such other category of Member as may be created by the Directors. Any category of
Member created by the Directors under this clause 5.1(c) may or may not be granted
5.2 Admission of Members
A person will become a Member, and the Directors will direct the Secretary to record their
name, street address, email address and date on which they became a Member, in the register
of Members kept by the Association, only upon meeting the criteria applicable to the relevant
category of membership set out in this Constitution and the Policies and provided the Member
has submitted an application, which is accepted by the Directors, in which the Member
(a) be bound by this Constitution and the Policies (including any Policies specific to the
relevant category of Membership);
(b) pay the fees and subscriptions determined to apply to the Member under clause 8; and
(c) support the Association in the encouragement and promotion of its Objects.
Admission to membership is not automatic and a membership application may be rejected by
the Directors in their absolute discretion.
(a) Each Member will:
(i) do all that is reasonably necessary to enable the Objects to be achieved;
(ii) at all times act for and on behalf of the interests of the Association;
(iii) be bound by this Constitution and the Policies;
(iv) act in good faith and loyalty to maintain and enhance the Association, its
standards, quality, and reputation for the benefit of the Association;
(v) at all times operate with and promote mutual trust and confidence between the
Association and the Members, promoting the economic and success, strength
and stability of each other and work cooperatively with each other in the pursuit
of the Objects; and
(vi) not do or permit to be done any act or thing which might adversely affect or
derogate from the standards, quality and reputation of the Association and its
maintenance and development.
5.4 Life Members
(a) Life Membership may be bestowed by the Association for longstanding and valued
service to the Association, in accordance with the Policies.
(b) Any Member may forward a proposed nomination to the Directors for consideration in
accordance with the Policies.
(c) On the nomination of the Directors, any individual may be elected as a Life Member at
any AGM by Special Resolution, subject to that individual completing an application in
accordance with clause 5.2.
(d) Nominations for Life Membership shall include a written report outlining the history of
services of any nominee, together with comments on the suitability of the honour.
(e) A person may be posthumously recognised as a Life Member.
(a) The Policies may set out:
(i) the categories of Membership which exist;
(ii) the criteria to be met by each category of Member; and
(iii) the privileges and benefits of each category of Member in addition to those set
out in this Constitution.
(b) The Association must keep a register of all Members in accordance with the Act.
(c) No Member whose membership ceases (for whatever reason) has any claim against
the Association or the Directors for damages or otherwise arising from cessation or
termination of membership.
(d) Membership is personal to each Member. No Member shall, or purport to, assign the
rights comprising or associated with membership to any other person and any attempt
to do so shall be void.
(e) A Member must treat all staff, contractors, and representatives of the Association with
respect and courtesy at all times.
(f) A Member must not act in a manner unbecoming of a Member or prejudicial to the
Objects and interests of the Association or Golf, or both.
5.6 Effect of Membership
Members acknowledge and agree that:
(a) this Constitution constitutes a contract between each of them and the Association and
that they are bound by this Constitution and the Policies;
(b) they shall comply with and observe this Constitution and the Policies;
(c) by submitting to this Constitution and the Policies they are subject to the jurisdiction of
(d) this Constitution and the Policies are necessary and reasonable for promoting the
(e) neither membership of the Association nor this Constitution gives rise to:
(i) any proprietary right of Members in, to or over the Association or its property or
(ii) any automatic right of a Member to renewal of their membership of the
(iii) subject to the Act and the Association acting in good faith, the right of Members
to natural justice, unless expressly provided for in this Constitution;
(f) they are entitled to all benefits, advantages, privileges, and services of their
membership as determined by the Board; and
(g) they will not become a party to any suit at law or equity against the Association or any
person subject to this Constitution, unless and until all remedies allowed by this
Constitution have been exhausted. This clause may be pleaded in any proceeding, suit,
or action against the Association.
5.7 Limited Liability
Members have no liability in their capacity as a Member.
6. CESSATION OF MEMBERSHIP
A person ceases to be a Member on:
(a) resignation, subject to clause 6.2;
(c) the termination of their membership according to this Constitution or the Policies;
(d) if a body corporate, being dissolved or otherwise ceasing to exist; and
(e) the Member no longer meeting the requirements for membership according to clause 5.
(a) Subject to clause 6.2(b), for the purposes of clause 6.1(a), a Member may resign as a
member of the Association by giving 14 days written notice to the Directors.
(b) A Member must not resign, and notice given under clause 6.2(a) is invalid, where the
Member is at the time of notice being given, subject to disciplinary proceedings under
clause 7.2, including proceedings under a Policy. For the purposes of this clause,
subject to disciplinary proceedings includes where a complaint or allegations have
been made against, but not yet conveyed to, a Member.
6.3 Forfeiture of Rights
A Member who, or which, ceases to be a Member shall forfeit all right in and claim upon the
Association or the Directors for damages or otherwise or claim upon its property including the
7. GRIEVANCES AND DISCIPLINE OF MEMBERS
All Members will be subject to, and submit unreservedly to, the jurisdiction, procedures,
penalties, and appeal mechanisms of the Association whether under the Policies or under this
(a) The Directors shall make or adopt a Policy or Policies for the:
(i) hearing and determination of:
(A) complaints by a Member that feels aggrieved by a decision or action of
the Association; and/or
(B) disputes or grievances between Members;
(ii) discipline of Members;
(iii) formation and administration of an appeals process; and
(iv) termination of Members.
(b) The Directors must, in making or adopting a Policy or Policies under clause 7.2(a),
ensure that the principles of natural justice are preserved in dealing with such matters.
8. FEES AND SUBSCRIPTIONS
8.1 Membership Fees
(a) The Directors may determine from time to time:
(i) the amount (if any) payable by an applicant for membership;
(ii) the amount of the annual subscription fee (if any) payable by each Member, or
any category of Members;
(iii) any other amount to be paid by each Member, or any category of Members,
whether of a recurrent or any other nature; and
(iv) the payment method and the due date for payment.
(b) Each Member must pay to the Association the amounts determined under this clause 8
in accordance with clause 8.1(a)(iv).
8.2 Non-Payment of Fees
Subject to clause 8.3(a):
(a) if payment of any subscription or other amount determined under clause 8 is not paid
by the due date, the Member’s membership ceases without further notice. If
membership ceases under this clause 8.2(a), the Member must re-apply for
membership in accordance with this Constitution and any relevant Policy; and
(b) if payment of any subscription or other amount determined under clause 8 is not paid
by the due date and the membership ceases under clause 8.2(a), the right of a
Member to attend and vote at a General Meeting also ceases without further notice.
8.3 Deferral or reduction of subscriptions
(a) The Directors may defer the obligations of a Member to pay a subscription or other
amount or reduce (including to zero) the subscription or other amount payable by a
Member, if the Directors are satisfied that:
(i) there are reasonable grounds for doing so; and
(ii) the Association will not be materially disadvantaged as a result; and
(iii) the Member agrees to pay the deferred or (if greater than zero) the reduced
subscription or other amount within a time fixed by the Directors.
(b) If the Directors defer or reduce a subscription or other amount payable by a Member
under this clause 8.3, that Member will retain their rights to attend and vote at a
General Meeting, unless otherwise specified by the Directors.
9. GENERAL MEETINGS
9.1 Annual General Meeting
AGMs of the Association are to be held:
(a) according to the Act; and
(b) at a date and venue determined by the Directors.
9.2 Power to convene General Meeting
(a) The Directors may convene a General Meeting as they think fit and must do so if
required by the Act.
(b) The Voting Members may convene a General Meeting in accordance with the Act.
9.3 Notice of a General Meeting
(a) Notice of a General Meeting of Members must be given:
(i) to all Members entitled to attend the General Meeting, the Directors, and the
auditor of the Association; and
(ii) in accordance with clause 22 and the Act.
(b) At least 45 days prior to the proposed date of the AGM, the Secretary will request from
Voting Members notices of motions, which must be received no less than 28 days prior
to the AGM.
(c) At least 21 days’ notice of the time and place of a General Meeting must be given,
(i) all information required to be included in accordance with the Act;
(ii) in the case of a proposed Special Resolution, the intention to propose the
Special Resolution and the terms of the proposed Special Resolution;
(iii) where applicable, any notice of motion received from any Voting Member or
Director in accordance with the Act; and
(iv) where applicable, a list of all nominations received for positions to be elected at
the relevant General Meeting.
9.4 No other business
No business other than that stated in the notice of meeting may be transacted at a General
9.5 Cancellation or postponement of General Meeting
Where a General Meeting (including an AGM) is convened by the Directors they may, if they
think fit, cancel, or postpone the meeting to a date and time they determine. This clause does
not apply to a General Meeting convened by:
(a) Members according to the Act;
(b) the Directors at the request of Members; or
(c) a court.
9.6 Written notice of cancellation or postponement of General Meeting
Notice of the cancellation or postponement of a General Meeting must state the reasons for
doing so and be given to:
(a) each Member entitled to attend the General Meeting; and
(b) each other person entitled to notice of a General Meeting under the Act.
9.7 Contents of a notice postponing a General Meeting
A notice postponing a General Meeting must specify:
(a) the new date and time for the meeting;
(b) the place where the meeting is to be held, which may be either the same as or different
to the place specified in the notice originally convening the meeting; and
(c) if the meeting is to be held in two or more places, the technology that will be used to
hold the meeting in that manner.
9.8 Number of clear days for postponement of General Meeting
The number of clear days from the giving of a notice postponing a General Meeting to the date
specified in that notice for the postponed meeting must not be less than the number of clear
days’ notice of that General Meeting required to be given by clause 10.8 or the Act.
9.9 Business at postponed General Meeting
The only business that may be transacted at a postponed General Meeting is the business
specified in the notice originally convening the meeting.
9.10 Non-receipt of notice
The non-receipt of a notice convening, cancelling, or postponing a General Meeting by, or the
accidental omission to give a notice of that kind to, a person entitled to receive it, does not
invalidate any resolution passed at the General Meeting or at a postponed meeting or the
cancellation or postponement of the meeting.
10. PROCEEDINGS AT GENERAL MEETING
10.1 Number for a quorum
The minimum number of Voting Members who must be present and eligible to vote for a
quorum to exist at a General Meeting is fifteen (15).
10.2 Requirement for a quorum
An item of business may not be transacted at a General Meeting unless a quorum is present at
the commencement of, and remains throughout, the General Meeting.
10.3 Quorum and time
If, within 30 minutes after the time appointed for a General Meeting, a quorum is not present,
(a) if convened by, or on requisition of, Members, is dissolved; and
(b) in any other case stands adjourned to such other day, time and place as the
10.4 Adjourned meeting
If a quorum is not present within 30 minutes after the time appointed for the adjourned meeting,
those Voting Members then present shall constitute a quorum.
10.5 Chairperson to preside over General Meetings
(a) The Chairperson is entitled to preside as chair at General Meetings.
(b) If a General Meeting is convened and there is no Chairperson, or the Chairperson is not
present within 15 minutes after the time appointed for the meeting, or is unable or
unwilling to act, the following may preside as chair (in order of entitlement):
(i) a Director (or other person) chosen by a majority of the Directors present;
(ii) the only Director present; or
(iii) a representative of a Voting Member that is entitled to vote and is chosen by a
majority of the Voting Members present.
10.6 Conduct of General Meetings
(a) The Chairperson:
(i) has charge of the general conduct of the meeting and of the procedures to be
(ii) may require the adoption of any procedure which in his or her opinion is
necessary or desirable for proper and orderly debate or discussion or the proper
and orderly casting or recording of votes; and
(iii) may, having regard where necessary to the Act, terminate discussion or debate
on any matter whenever he or she considers it necessary or desirable for the
proper conduct of the meeting.
(b) A decision by the Chairperson under this clause 10.6 is final.
10.7 Adjournment of General Meeting
(a) The Chairperson may, with the consent of any General Meeting at which a quorum is
present, and must if so, directed by the meeting, adjourn the meeting or any business,
motion, question, resolution, debate, or discussion being considered or remaining to be
considered by the meeting.
(b) The adjournment may be either to a later time at the same meeting or to an adjourned
meeting at any time and place agreed by vote of the members present.
(c) Only unfinished business is to be transacted at a meeting resumed after an
10.8 Notice of adjourned meeting
(a) It is not necessary to give any notice of an adjournment or of the business to be
transacted at any adjourned meeting unless a meeting is adjourned for 30 days or
(b) In that case, at least the same period of notice as was originally required for the
meeting must be given for the adjourned meeting.
10.9 Questions decided by majority
Subject to the requirements of the Act and except in the case of a Special Resolution, a
resolution is carried if a simple majority of the votes cast on the resolution are in favour of it.
10.10 Equality of votes
Where an equal number of votes are cast in favour of and against the resolution, the resolution
is not carried.
10.11 Declaration of results
(a) At any General Meeting a resolution put to the vote of the meeting must be decided on
a show of hands, or by another method determined by the Chairperson in the case of
on-line attendees, unless a poll is properly demanded, and the demand is not
(b) A declaration by the Chairperson that a resolution has on a show of hands, or by
another method for on-line attendees, been carried or carried unanimously, or by a
particular majority, or lost, and an entry to that effect in the minutes of the meetings of
the Association, is conclusive evidence of the fact.
(c) Neither the Chairperson nor the minutes need state, and it is not necessary to prove,
the number or proportion of the votes recorded for or against the resolution.
(a) If a poll is properly demanded by the Chairperson of the meeting, it must be taken in the
manner and at the date and time directed by the Chairperson, and the result of the poll
is the resolution of the meeting at which the poll was demanded.
(b) A poll demanded on the election of a Chairperson or on a question of adjournment must
be taken immediately.
(c) A demand for a poll may be withdrawn.
(d) A demand for a poll does not prevent the General Meeting continuing for the transaction
of any business other than the question on which the poll was demanded.
10.13 Objection to voting qualification
(a) An objection to the right of a person to attend or vote at a General Meeting (including an
(i) may not be raised except at that meeting; and
(ii) must be referred to the Chairperson, whose decision is final.
(b) A vote not disallowed under the objection is valid for all purposes.
10.14 Chair to determine any poll dispute
If there is a dispute about the admission or rejection of a vote, the Chairperson must decide it
and the Chairperson’s decision made is final.
10.15 Electronic voting
Voting by electronic communication at General Meetings may be permitted from time to time in
such instances as the Directors may determine and shall be held in accordance with
procedures prescribed by the Directors.
11. VOTES OF MEMBERS
11.1 Votes of Members
(a) At a General Meeting, on a show of hands or by another method for on-line attendees,
and on a poll, each Voting Member shall have one vote.
(b) No Member other than Life Members and Individual Members are entitled to vote at
11.2 Election of Directors
(a) Elections for Elected Directors shall be by secret ballot for those members present and
via electronic voting for those members not present but on-line, in accordance with this
clause 11.2 at the relevant General Meeting on papers prepared by the Secretary.
(b) The ballot and electronic voting for an election to fill one or more Elected Director
positions will be conducted in accordance with the following procedure. If at the close of
nominations for an election to fill one or more Elected Director positions:
(i) the number of eligible nominees is equal to or less than the number of positions
to be filled, then no election is to take place and those eligible nominees will be
taken to be elected to fill one or more of the Elected Director positions; and
(ii) there are more eligible nominees than the number of positions to be filled, a
ballot and electronic voting process will be conducted as a poll and the eligible
nominee/s who receives the highest number of votes will be elected to fill the
Elected Director positions. If two or more nominees get the same number of
votes and at the relevant time, there is only one Elected Director position to be
filled then the Chairperson is to draw the name of one of those nominees by lot.
That nominee is to be elected as an Elected Director.
11.3 Resolutions not in General Meeting
(a) If all Members entitled to vote sign a document containing a statement that they are in
favour of a resolution in terms set out in the document, a resolution in those terms is
deemed to have been passed at a General Meeting of the Association held at the time
on which the document was signed by the last Member entitled to vote.
(b) For the purposes of clause 11.3(a), two or more separate documents containing
statements in identical terms, each of which is signed by one or more Members entitled
to vote, are deemed together to constitute one document containing a statement in
those terms signed by those Members on the respective days on which they signed the
(c) Email or other form of visible or other electronic communication under the name of a
Member is deemed to be a document in writing signed by that Member for the purpose
of this clause.
12.1 Number of Directors
(a) There must be not less than four (4) Directors and not more than seven (7) Directors. A
full board of seven (7) Directors will consist of a:
(ii) Vice President;
(v) Men’s Club Captain;
(vi) Women’s Club Captain; and
(vii) General Director
(b) Subject to clause 12.1(a), not more than seven Directors are to be elected by the
Members (Elected Directors).
(a) For the period from the date of this Constitution a person that:
(i) is or was an employee of the Association; or
(ii) is or was GM of the Association; or
(iii) is or was an employee of any external management company (or similar entity)
which is engaged to manage the Queens Park Golf course and/or its associated
at any time within the period beginning three years prior to the date of his/her proposed
appointment or election as a Director (each a disqualifying position), may not hold office
as a Director.
(b) A Director that accepts a disqualifying position must notify the other Directors of this
fact immediately and is deemed to have vacated office as a Director.
(c) The Directors may determine position or role descriptions or necessary qualifications for
(d) The Directors must use reasonable endeavours to ensure no one gender constitutes
more than 60% of the total number of Directors.
12.3 Nomination for election
(a) At least 45 days prior to the proposed date of the AGM, at which a resolution or
resolutions will be proposed to fill a vacancy in an Elected Director position, the
Secretary will request from Members nominations (that comply with this clause 12.3)
for elections to positions falling vacant, that must be received no later than 28 days prior
to the AGM.
(b) Any Member, Director or Committee may nominate a person to fill a vacancy in an
Elected Director position that is to be the subject of an election at the next AGM.
(c) A nomination must:
(i) be in the form required by the Directors; and
(ii) signed by the nominator and nominee.
12.4 Term of office of Directors generally
(a) Subject to clauses, 12.4(b),12.6 and 12.7, an Elected Director will hold office for a term
of two years.
(b) Following adoption of this Constitution:
(i) four (4) Elected Directors; President, Vice President, Women’s Club Captain,
and General Director shall serve for two (2) years; and
(ii) three (3) Elected Directors; Secretary, Treasurer and Men’s Club Captain shall
serve for one (1) year.
All the above are eligible for re-election, elected for a further two (2) terms of two (2)
years each and retirements shall follow the above terms. Should any determination be
required regarding terms and rotations of terms of Directors such determinations will be
made by the Board or if the Board cannot agree will be determined by lot.
12.5 Office held until end of meeting
A retiring Elected Director holds office until the end of the meeting at which that Elected
Director retires but, subject to the requirement of this Constitution, is eligible for re-election.
12.6 Elected Director elected at General Meeting
(a) At a General Meeting:
(i) at which an Elected Director retires; or
(ii) at the commencement of which there is a vacancy in the office of an Elected
there will be a vote of the Members conducted in accordance with clause 11.2 to fill the
vacancy by electing someone to that office.
(b) Subject to clauses 12.6(c), an Elected Director elected under this clause 12.6 takes
office at the end of the meeting at which they are elected for a period of two years.
(c) An Elected Director elected under clause 12.6(a)(ii) is elected for the remainder of the
term of office for the position that they are filling.
12.7 Maximum consecutive years in office for Directors
(a) Subject to clause 12.7(d), a Director must not serve more than six (6) consecutive
years as a Director.
(b) For the purposes of clause 12.7(a), where service:
(i) by a person as a Director under this constitution is for a period less than two (2)
(A) if the service is less than one year, it will be treated as one (1) full year;
(B) if the service is between one (1) year and two (2) years, it will be treated
as two (2) full years;
(ii) will only be counted from the date of the adoption of this Constitution onwards.
Any service as a Director prior to the date of the adoption of this Constitution will
not be counted for the purposes of clause 12.7(a).
(c) A Director who has served the maximum number of years in accordance with clause
12.7(a) and subject to clause 12.7(d), shall not be eligible to be a Director for two (2)
years following the completion of their maximum term.
(d) The Board may decide to allow a Director or Directors who has or have served their
maximum number of years in accordance with clause 12.7(a), to serve a further two (2)
year term, and, if needed, subsequent two (2) year terms if:
(i) there are no nominations for the position of Secretary; or
(ii) less than four (4) Directors have been nominated for the Board.
12.8 Casual vacancy in ranks of Elected Directors
(a) The Directors may at any time appoint a person to fill a casual vacancy (as defined in
clause 12.10) in the rank of the Elected Directors.
(b) A person appointed under clause 12.8(a) holds office for the remainder of the vacating
Director’s term and, subject to this Constitution, they may offer themselves for reelection.
12.9 Remuneration of Directors
A Director must not be paid for services as a Director but, with the approval of the Directors
and subject to the Act, may be:
(a) paid by the Association for services rendered to it other than as a Director; and
(b) reimbursed by the Association for their reasonable travelling, accommodation, and
other expenses when:
(i) travelling to or from meetings of the Directors, a Committee or the Association;
(ii) otherwise engaged in the affairs of the Association.
12.10 Vacation of office
The office of a Director becomes vacant when the Act says it does and if the Director:
(b) becomes of unsound mind or a person whose person or estate is liable to be dealt with
in any way under a law relating to mental health;
(c) resigns from office by notice in writing to the Association;
(d) is removed by resolution of the Voting Members in a General Meeting. Unless
otherwise resolved at a General Meeting, a Director removed in accordance with this
clause 12.10(d) cannot be re-appointed as a Director within three years of their
(e) is absent at three consecutive Directors’ meetings without leave of absence from the
(f) is directly or indirectly interested in any contract or proposed contract with the
Association and fails to declare the nature of the interest as required by the Act.
12.11 Alternate Director
A Director cannot appoint an alternate.
13. POWERS AND DUTIES OF DIRECTORS
13.1 Directors to manage the Association
The Directors are to manage the Association’s business and may exercise those of the
Association’s powers that are not required, by the Act or by this Constitution, to be exercised
by the Association in General Meeting.
13.2 Specific powers of Directors
Without limiting clause 13.1, the Directors may exercise all the Association’s powers to borrow
or raise money, to charge any property or business or give any other security for a debt, liability
or obligation of the Association or of any other person.
13.3 Time, etc
Subject to the Act, where this Constitution requires that something be done by a particular
time, or within a particular period, or that an event is to occur or a circumstance is to change on
or by a particular date, the Directors may at their absolute discretion extend that time, period,
or date as they think fit.
13.4 Delegation of powers
(a) Without limiting clause 16.4 the Directors may, by resolution or by power of attorney or
writing, delegate any of their powers to the GM or any employee of the Association or
any other person as they think fit.
(b) Any delegation by the Directors of their powers:
(i) must specify the powers delegated, any restrictions on, and conditions attaching
to, the exercise of those powers and the period during which that delegation is to
be in force;
(ii) may be either general or limited in any way provided in the terms of the
(iii) need not be to a specified person but may be to any person holding, occupying,
or performing the duties of a specified office or position; and
(iv) may include the power to delegate.
(c) If exercising a power depends on a person’s opinion, belief, or state of mind, then that
power may be exercised by the delegate on the delegate’s opinion, belief, or state of
mind about that matter.
(d) Any power exercised by a delegate is as effective as if it had been exercised by the
13.5 Code of Conduct and Board Charter
The Directors must:
(a) adopt a code of conduct for Directors and a Board charter; and
(b) periodically review the code of conduct and Board charter in light of the general
principles of good corporate governance.
13.6 Strategic Plan
The Directors must develop and adopt a strategic plan as revised from time to time. The
strategic plan should give consideration to the strategic plan of Golf Australia from time to time
subject always to the context and operations of the Association.
14. PROCEEDINGS OF DIRECTORS
14.1 Directors’ meetings
(a) Subject to clause 14.1(b) the Directors may meet for conducting business, adjourn and
otherwise regulate their meetings as they think fit.
(b) The Directors must meet at least six times in each calendar year.
14.2 Questions decided by majority
A question arising at a Directors’ meeting is to be decided by a majority of votes of the
Directors present in person and entitled to vote. Each Director present has one vote on a
matter arising for decision by Directors.
14.3 Chair’s casting vote
Whilst the Chairperson of the meeting does have a vote, the Chairperson will not have a
A majority of Directors (minimum of four) present in person and or via technology as
determined by the Directors constitutes a quorum.
14.5 Effect of vacancy
(a) The continuing Directors may act despite a vacancy in their number.
(b) However, if the number of Directors is reduced below the number required for a
quorum, the remaining Directors may act only for the purpose of filling the vacancies to
the extent necessary to bring their number up to that required for a quorum or to
convene a General Meeting.
14.6 Convening meetings
(a) A Director may, and the Secretary on the request of a Director must, convene a
(b) Notice of a meeting of Directors must be given individually to each Director (except a
Director on leave of absence approved by the Directors). Notice of a meeting of
Directors may be given in person, or by post or by telephone or electronic means.
(c) A Director may waive notice of a meeting of Directors by giving notice to that effect to
the Association in person or by post or by telephone or electronic means.
(d) A person who attends a meeting of Directors waives any objection that person may
have in relation to a failure to give notice of the meeting.
(e) The non-receipt of a notice of a meeting of the Directors or the accidental omission to
give notice of a meeting to a person entitled to receive notice does not invalidate
anything done (including the passing of a resolution) at a meeting of Directors.
14.7 Election of Chairperson
(a) The Directors must, at the first Directors’ meeting after the AGM, annually elect one of
their number to be the Chairperson by a majority vote.
(b) The Director elected to be Chairperson under clause 14.7(a) will, subject to remaining
a Director, remain Chairperson for one year from the date of their election until the first
Directors’ meeting after the following AGM and shall chair any meeting of Directors.
(c) Despite clause 14.7(b), if:
(i) there is no person elected as Chairperson; or
(ii) the Chairperson is not present within 15 minutes after the time appointed for the
holding of the meeting; or
(iii) the Chairperson is unwilling to act,
the Directors present may elect one of their number to be Chairperson of the meeting.
(d) A Director elected as Chairperson may be re-elected as Chairperson in following years,
so long as he or she remains a Director.
(e) Alternatively, the Directors may agree to rotate the Chairperson position for each
14.8 Circulating resolutions
(a) The Directors may pass a resolution without a Directors’ meeting being held if notice in
writing of the resolution is given to all Directors and a majority of the Directors entitled to
vote on the resolution (not being less than the number required for a quorum at a
meeting of Directors) sign a document containing a statement that they are in favour of
the resolution set out in the document.
(b) Separate copies of the document may be used for signing by the Directors if the
wording of the resolution and statement is identical in each copy. An email or document
produced by electronic means under the name of a Director with the Director’s authority
is taken to be a document signed by the Director for the purposes of clause 14.8(a) and
is taken to be signed when received by the Association in legible form.
(c) The resolution is passed when the last Director signs.
14.9 Validity of acts of Directors
Everything done at a Directors’ meeting or a Committee meeting, or by a person acting as a
Director, is valid even if it is discovered later that there was some defect in the appointment,
election, or qualification of any of them or that any of them was disqualified or had vacated
14.10 Directors’ Interests
(a) A Director shall declare to the Directors any material personal interest or related party
transaction, as defined by the Corporations Act 2001, as soon as practicable after that
Director becomes aware of their interest in the matter.
(b) Directors must complete an annual statement of interest which must be updated from
time to time to satisfy the requirements in clause 14.10(a).
(c) Where a Director declares a material personal interest or in the event of a related party
transaction, that Director is ineligible to receive the Directors’ meeting papers related to
the matter and must absent himself or herself from discussion of such matter and shall
not be entitled to vote in respect of such matter unless otherwise determined by the
(d) In the event of any uncertainty in this regard, the issue shall immediately be determined
by a vote of the Directors or, if this is not possible, the matter shall be adjourned or
deferred to the next meeting.
(e) The Secretary shall maintain a register of declared interests.
The Directors must cause minutes of meetings to be made and kept in accordance with the
15. VIRTUAL MEETINGS OF THE ASSOCIATION
15.1 Virtual Meeting
(a) A General Meeting or a Directors’ Meeting may be held by means of a Virtual Meeting,
(i) the number of Members or Directors (as applicable) participating is not less than
a quorum required for a General Meeting or Directors’
(ii) Meeting (as applicable); and
(iii) the meeting is convened and held in accordance with the Act.
(b) All provisions of this Constitution relating to a meeting apply to a Virtual Meeting in so
far as they are not inconsistent with this clause 15.
15.2 Conduct of Virtual Meeting
The following provisions apply to a Virtual Meeting of the Association:
(a) all persons participating in the meeting must be linked by telephone, audio-visual or
other instantaneous means for the purpose of the meeting;
(b) each of the persons taking part in the meeting must be able to hear and be heard by
each of the other persons taking part at the commencement of the meeting and each
person so taking part is deemed for the purposes of this Constitution to be present at
(c) at the commencement of the meeting each person must be distinguishable to the
(d) a person may not leave a Virtual Meeting by disconnecting his or her telephone, audiovisual, or other communication equipment unless that person has previously notified the
(e) a person may conclusively be presumed to have been present and to have formed part
of a quorum at all times during a Virtual Meeting unless that person has previously
notified the Chairperson of leaving the meeting; and
(f) a minute of proceedings of a Virtual Meeting is sufficient evidence of the proceedings
and of the observance of all necessary formalities if the minute is certified to be a
correct minute by the Chairperson.
16. GENERAL MANAGER
16.1 Appointment of a GM
The Directors may appoint a GM and review their performance in accordance with a GM
performance review process adopted by the Board.
16.2 Powers, duties, and authorities of a GM
(a) The GM holds office on the terms and conditions (including as to remuneration) and
with the powers, duties, and authorities, delegated to them by the Directors.
(b) The exercise of those powers and authorities, and the performance of those duties, by
the GM are subject at all times to the control of the Directors.
16.3 Suspension and removal of a GM
Subject to the terms and conditions of the appointment, the Directors may suspend or remove
the GM from that office.
16.4 Delegation by Directors to a GM
The Directors may delegate to the GM the power (subject to such reservations on the power as
are decided by the Directors) to conduct the day-to-day management and control of the
business and affairs of the Association. The delegation will include the power and responsibility
(a) develop business plans, budgets, strategies, policies, processes, and codes of conduct
for consideration by the Directors and to implement them to the extent approved by the
(b) manage the financial and other reporting mechanisms of the Association;
(c) approve and incur expenditure subject to specified expenditure limits;
(d) sub-delegate his or her powers and responsibilities to employees or internal
management committees of the Association; and
(e) any other powers and responsibilities which the Directors consider appropriate to
delegate to the GM.
16.5 GM to attend meetings
The GM is entitled, subject to a determination otherwise by the Directors, to attend all meetings
of the Association, all meetings of the Directors and any Committee and may speak on any
matter but does not have a vote.
The Association must have a secretary.
The Directors may delegate any of their powers to Committees consisting of those persons
they think fit (including Directors, individuals, and consultants), and may vary or revoke any
18.2 Powers delegated to Committees
(a) A Committee must exercise the powers delegated to it according to the terms of the
delegation and any directions of the Directors.
(b) Powers delegated to and exercised by a Committee are taken to have been exercised
by the Directors.
18.3 Committee meetings
Unless otherwise determined by the Directors, committee meetings are governed by the
provisions of this Constitution dealing with Directors’ meetings, as far as they are capable of
18.4 FAR Committee
(a) A FAR Committee should be established by the Directors.
(b) The composition, duties and functions of the FAR Committee should be defined in the
FAR Committee terms of reference.
19.1 Making and amending Policies
(a) In addition to policies made under clause 7.2, the Directors may from time to time make
policies that are:
(i) required to be made under this Constitution; and
(ii) in their opinion, necessary or desirable for the control, administration, and
management of the Association’s affairs.
The Directors may amend, interpret, repeal, and replace any Policy.
(b) Unless otherwise stated in the Policy any Policy referred to in clauses 7.2 and 19.1(a)
will take effect 7 days after the service of the Policy on the Member and shall be in force
and effect on that date.
19.2 Effect of Policies
(a) is subject to this Constitution;
(b) must be consistent with this Constitution; and
(c) when in force, is binding on all Members and has the same effect as a provision in this
20. INSPECTION OF RECORDS
A Member does not have the right to inspect any document of the Association (including
registers kept by the Association) except as permitted by the Act and unless the request is
made in good faith and for a proper purpose.
21.1 Accounting Records
The Directors will cause proper accounting and other records to be kept and will distribute
financial statements as required by the Act.
Subject to the requirements of the Act, a properly qualified auditor(s) shall be appointed by the
Directors and the remuneration of such auditor(s) fixed and duties regulated in accordance with
22. SERVICE OF DOCUMENTS
22.1 Document includes notice
In this clause 22, document includes a notice.
22.2 Methods of service on a Member
The Association may give a document to a Member:
(b) by sending it by post to the address for the Member in the Register or an alternative
address nominated by the Member; or
(c) by sending it to an email or other electronic address nominated by the Member.
22.3 Methods of service on the Association
A Member may give a document to the Association by:
(a) delivering it to the Registered Office;
(b) sending it by post to the Registered Office; or
(c) sending it to an email other electronic address nominated by the Association.
A document sent by post if sent to an address:
(a) in Australia, may be sent by ordinary post; and
(b) outside Australia, or sent from an address outside Australia, must be sent by airmail,
and in either case is taken to have been received on the fourth business day after the date of
22.5 Electronic transmission
If a document is sent by email or other electronic transmission, delivery of the document is
(a) be affected by properly addressing and transmitting the email other electronic
(b) have been delivered on the business day following its transmission.
23.1 Indemnity of officers
(a) This clause 23 applies to every person who is or has been:
(i) a Director, GM, or Secretary of the Association; and
(ii) another officer, employee, former officer, or former employee of the Association
or of its related bodies corporate as the Directors may in each case determine.
Each person referred to in this clause 23.1(a) is referred to as an Indemnified Officer
for the purposes of the rest of clause 23.
(b) The Association will indemnify each Indemnified Officer, to the maximum extent
permitted by law, against any liability incurred in good faith by the Indemnified Officer in
the course of performing his or her duties as an office holder. This indemnity excludes
any liability incurred by the Indemnified Officer which arises from any fraudulent,
dishonest or wilful act by the Indemnified Officer.
The Association may pay or agree to pay, whether directly or through an interposed entity, a
premium for a contract insuring an Indemnified Officer against liability that the Indemnified
Officer incurs as an officer of the Association or of a related body corporate of the Association
including a liability for legal costs, unless:
(a) the Association is forbidden by legislation to pay or agree to pay the premium; or
(b) the contract would, if the Association paid the premium, be made void by legislation.
The Association may enter into a deed with any Indemnified Officer or a deed poll to give effect
to the rights conferred by clause 23.1 on the terms the Directors think fit (as long as they are
consistent with clause 23).
24. WINDING UP
24.1 Liability of Members on winding up
As detailed under Section 52 of the Act, Members are not liable for and are not required
to contribute towards any costs, charges and expenses if the Association is wound up
whilst they are a Member, or within one year after their membership ceases.
24.2 Excess property on winding up
(a) If on the winding up or dissolution of the Association, and after satisfaction of all its
debts and liabilities, any property remains, that property must be given or transferred to
another body or bodies:
(i) having objects similar to those of the Association; and
(ii) whose constitution prohibits (or each of whose constitutions prohibit) the
distribution of its or their income and property among its or their members to an
extent at least as great as is imposed under this Constitution.
(b) That body is, or those bodies are, to be determined by the Voting Members at or before
the time of dissolution or, failing that determination, by a judge who has, or acquires,
jurisdiction in the matter.
(c) As per Section 52 of the Act, Membership of the Association must not be taken to
confer on a person any right, title or interest (whether legal or equitable) in the property
of the Association.